Bird stamps from Belgium.

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a federal state in Western Europe.

It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters, and those of several other major international organisations such as NATO.

Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi), and it has a population of about 11 million people.

Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups, the Dutch-speakers, mostly Flemish (about 60%), and the French-speakers, mostly Walloons (about 40%), plus a small group of German-speakers. Belgium's two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region.

A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia.[6] Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in the political history and a complex system of government.

Historically, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg were known as the Low Countries, which used to cover a somewhat larger area than the current Benelux group of states. The region was called Belgica in Latin because of the Roman province Gallia Belgica which covered more or less the same area. From the end of the Middle Ages until the 17th century, it was a prosperous centre of commerce and culture.

From the 16th century until the Belgian Revolution in 1830, when Belgium seceded from the Netherlands, many battles between European powers were fought in the area of Belgium, causing it to be dubbed the battleground of Europe, a reputation strengthened by both World Wars. Upon its independence, Belgium participated in the Industrial Revolution and, during the course of the 20th century, possessed a number of colonies in Africa.

The second half of the 20th century was marked by the rise of contrasts between the Flemish and the Francophones fuelled by language differences on the one hand and an asymmetrical economic evolution of Flanders and Wallonia on the other hand. These ongoing conflicts have caused far-reaching reforms of the formerly unitary Belgian state into a federal state and a very long political instability.
Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1962.01   23.06.1962   Birds of Antwerp Zoo      
Guianan Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola rupicola Red Lory Eos bornea Guinea Turaco Tauraco persa Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus Greater Bird-of-paradise Paradisaea apoda Congo Peacock Afropavo congensis
40c     120     Guianan Cock-of-the-rock    Rupicola rupicola     
1f     73     Red Lory    Eos bornea     
2f     75     Guinea Turaco    Tauraco persa     
2.50f     104     Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus     
3f     165     Greater Bird-of-paradise    Paradisaea apoda     
6f     11     Congo Peacock    Afropavo congensis     
1966.01   08.10.1966   Antarctic expeditions      
Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri
10f     16     Emperor Penguin    Aptenodytes forsteri     MS
1971.01   19.06.1971   10th anniversary of Antarctic treaty      
Adelie Penguin Pygoscelis adeliae
10f     16     Adelie Penguin    Pygoscelis adeliae     
1972.01   16.12.1972   Birds from Zwin nature reserve      
Greylag Goose Anser anser Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus White Stork Ciconia ciconia Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
2f     14     Greylag Goose    Anser anser     
4.50f     58     Northern Lapwing    Vanellus vanellus     
8f     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     
9f     38     Common Kestrel    Falco tinnunculus     
1983.01   27.06.1983   Tourism   4v set   
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
8f     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     
1985.01   30.09.1985   Birds      
Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
3f     226     Hawfinch    Coccothraustes coccothraustes     
9f     226     European Goldfinch    Carduelis carduelis     
1986.01   25.08.1986   Birds      
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
3.50f     213     European Robin    Erithacus rubecula     
1986.02   15.12.1986   Birds      
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
8f     92     Common Kingfisher    Alcedo atthis     
1987.01   14.03.1987   European environment year   3v set   
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
26f     38     Peregrine Falcon    Falco peregrinus     
1987.02   07.09.1987   Birds      
Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus
7f     177     Eurasian Blue Tit    Cyanistes caeruleus     
1988.01   08.02.1988   The sea   4v strip   
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
10f     54     Eurasian Oystercatcher    Haematopus ostralegus     
and     64     Spotted Redshank    Tringa erythropus     
1988.02   12.09.1988   Birds      
Eurasian Nuthatch Sitta europaea Eurasian Bullfinch Pyrrhula pyrrhula
5f     206     Eurasian Nuthatch    Sitta europaea     
6f     226     Eurasian Bullfinch    Pyrrhula pyrrhula     
1989.01   17.04.1989   Birds      
Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
4f     213     Bluethroat    Luscinia svecica     
1989.02   04.09.1989   Ducks   Booklet   
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos Eurasian Teal Anas crecca Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Northern Pintail Anas acuta
13f     14     Mallard    Anas platyrhynchos     
13f     14     Eurasian Teal    Anas crecca     
13f     14     Northern Shoveler    Anas clypeata     
13f     14     Northern Pintail    Anas acuta     
1989.03   04.12.1989   Birds      
Eurasian Tree Sparrow Passer montanus
2f     218     Eurasian Tree Sparrow    Passer montanus     
1990.01   08.01.1990   Birds      
Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor
1f     108     Lesser Spotted Woodpecker    Dendrocopos minor     
1990.02   15.01.1990   Birds      
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
10f     226     Common Chaffinch    Fringilla coelebs     
1990.03   24.12.1990   Birds      
European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
4.50f     213     European Stonechat    Saxicola rubicola     
1991.01   28.09.1991   Birds      
Goldcrest Regulus regulus Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
50c     202     Goldcrest    Regulus regulus     
3f     231     Common Reed Bunting    Emberiza schoeniclus     
9f     212     Song Thrush    Turdus philomelos     
1992.01   01.04.1992   Birds      
Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
11f     204     Eurasian Wren    Troglodytes troglodytes     
1992.02   01.06.1992   Birds      
Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea Common Blackbird Turdus merula White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus Great Tit Parus major European Greenfinch Chloris chloris
1f     226     Common Redpoll    Carduelis flammea     
2f     212     Common Blackbird    Turdus merula     
6f     214     White-throated Dipper    Cinclus cinclus     
8f     177     Great Tit    Parus major     
10f     226     European Greenfinch    Chloris chloris     
1992.03   31.08.1992   Birds      
White Wagtail Motacilla alba Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
4f     224     White Wagtail    Motacilla alba     
5f     183     Barn Swallow    Hirundo rustica     
7f     158     Eurasian Golden Oriole    Oriolus oriolus     
1993.01   04.10.1993   Birds      
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
5.50f     162     Eurasian Jay    Garrulus glandarius     
1994.01   03.01.1994   Birds      
House Sparrow Passer domesticus Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
13f     218     House Sparrow    Passer domesticus     
16f     170     Bohemian Waxwing    Bombycilla garrulus     
1994.02   03.10.1994   Birds      
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
6.50f     190     Sedge Warbler    Acrocephalus schoenobaenus     
1995.01   18.12.1995   Birds      
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
14f     189     Willow Warbler    Phylloscopus trochilus     
1996.01   04.05.1996   Birds      
Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
5f     210     Common Starling    Sturnus vulgaris     
1996.02   29.06.1996   Birds      
Redwing Turdus iliacus European Pied Flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca
2f     212     Redwing    Turdus iliacus     
4f     213     European Pied Flycatcher    Ficedula hypoleuca     
1996.03   07.10.1996   Birds      
Eurasian Siskin Carduelis spinus
6f     226     Eurasian Siskin    Carduelis spinus     
1997.01   10.03.1997   Birds   Vertical format   
Willow Tit Poecile montanus
15f     177     Willow Tit    Poecile montanus     
1997.02   07.04.1997   Birds      
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
150f     162     Eurasian Magpie    Pica pica     
1997.03   05.05.1997   Birds      
Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
3f     181     Eurasian Skylark    Alauda arvensis     
1997.04   01.09.1997   Birds      
Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava
7f     224     Western Yellow Wagtail    Motacilla flava     
1997.05   01.12.1997   Coilstamp   Horizontal format   1997.01
Willow Tit Poecile montanus
15f     177     Willow Tit    Poecile montanus     
1998.01   04.05.1998   Birds      
European Crested Tit Lophophanes cristatus
1f     177     European Crested Tit    Lophophanes cristatus     
1998.02   06.07.1998   Birds      
Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
7.50f     156     Great Grey Shrike    Lanius excubitor     
1998.03   10.08.1998   Birds      
European Green Woodpecker Picus viridis
9f     108     European Green Woodpecker    Picus viridis     
1998.04   29.09.1998   Birds      
European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
10f     70     European Turtle Dove    Streptopelia turtur     
1998.05   14.12.1998   Birds      
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
21f     212     Fieldfare    Turdus pilaris     
1999.01   23.01.1999   Birds      
Coal Tit Periparus ater
16f     177     Coal Tit    Periparus ater     
1999.02   20.02.1999   Owls      
Western Barn Owl Tyto alba Little Owl Athene noctua Tawny Owl Strix aluco Long-eared Owl Asio otus
17f     77     Western Barn Owl    Tyto alba     
17f     78     Little Owl    Athene noctua     
17f     78     Tawny Owl    Strix aluco     
17f     78     Long-eared Owl    Asio otus     
2000.01   24.01.2000   Birds   Vertical format   
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
16f     156     Red-backed Shrike    Lanius collurio     
2000.02   08.05.2000   Birds      
Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra Short-toed Treecreeper Certhia brachydactyla Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
1f     226     Red Crossbill    Loxia curvirostra     
2f     208     Short-toed Treecreeper    Certhia brachydactyla     
3f     224     Meadow Pipit    Anthus pratensis     
5f     226     Brambling    Fringilla montifringilla     
2000.03   04.09.2000   Coilstamp   Horizontal format   2000.01
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
16f     156     Red-backed Shrike    Lanius collurio     
2000.04   11.09.2000   Birds      
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
10f     189     Wood Warbler    Phylloscopus sibilatrix     
2000.05   04.12.2000   Birds, dual currency      1992.02
Great Tit Parus major
8f     177     Great Tit    Parus major     
2001.01   26.03.2001   Birds, dual currency      
Goldcrest Regulus regulus Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor Fieldfare Turdus pilaris Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
0.50f     202     Goldcrest    Regulus regulus     1991.01
7.50f     156     Great Grey Shrike    Lanius excubitor     1998.02
21f     212     Fieldfare    Turdus pilaris     1998.05
150f     162     Eurasian Magpie    Pica pica     1997.02
2001.02   13.06.2001   Birds      
Common Tern Sterna hirundo
16f     66     Common Tern    Sterna hirundo     
2002.01   04.05.2002   Birds      
Stock Dove Columba oenas
0.07€     70     Stock Dove    Columba oenas     
2002.02   15.07.2002   Birds      
Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
0.25€     54     Eurasian Oystercatcher    Haematopus ostralegus     
2002.03   04.11.2002   Birds      
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto Black Tern Chlidonias niger Common Redshank Tringa totanus Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula Ruff Philomachus pugnax
0.41€     70     Eurasian Collared Dove    Streptopelia decaocto     
0.57€     66     Black Tern    Chlidonias niger     
0.70€     64     Common Redshank    Tringa totanus     
1€     213     Northern Wheatear    Oenanthe oenanthe     
2€     58     Common Ringed Plover    Charadrius hiaticula     
5€     64     Ruff    Philomachus pugnax     
2003.01   29.03.2003   Birds      
Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major
0.35€     108     Great Spotted Woodpecker    Dendrocopos major     
2003.02   11.08.2003   Birds      
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
0.02€     64     Common Snipe    Gallinago gallinago     
0.52€     96     Eurasian Hoopoe    Upupa epops     
2003.03   27.10.2003   Birds      
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
3.72€     46     Common Moorhen    Gallinula chloropus     
2004.01   19.04.2004   Birds      
Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata Common House Martin Delichon urbicum Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus European Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
0.01€     213     Common Nightingale    Luscinia megarhynchos     
0.40€     213     Spotted Flycatcher    Muscicapa striata     
0.44€     183     Common House Martin    Delichon urbicum     
0.55€     58     Little Ringed Plover    Charadrius dubius     
0.65€     66     Black-headed Gull    Chroicocephalus ridibundus     
0.75€     58     European Golden Plover    Pluvialis apricaria     
4€     78     Eurasian Eagle-Owl    Bubo bubo     
2004.02   27.09.2004   Forest week   4v sheet   
Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
0.44€     198     Eurasian Blackcap    Sylvia atricapilla     
0.44€     213     Common Nightingale    Luscinia megarhynchos     
and     213     European Robin    Erithacus rubecula     
0.44€     162     Eurasian Jay    Garrulus glandarius     
2004.03   18.10.2004   Belgica 2006   5v sheet   
European Robin Erithacus rubecula
0.44€     213     European Robin    Erithacus rubecula     
2005.01   21.03.2005   Birds      
Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus Grey Partridge Perdix perdix
0.05€     231     Cirl Bunting    Emberiza cirlus     
0.20€     66     Mediterranean Gull    Ichthyaetus melanocephalus     
0.60€     11     Grey Partridge    Perdix perdix     
2005.02   04.04.2005   Stamp day      
Black Stork Ciconia nigra
4€     24     Black Stork    Ciconia nigra     
2005.03   04.04.2005   Birds      
Marsh Tit Poecile palustris Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus Common Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla
0.03€     177     Marsh Tit    Poecile palustris     
0.44€     70     Common Wood Pigeon    Columba palumbus     
0.75€     202     Common Firecrest    Regulus ignicapilla     
2005.04   10.10.2005   H C Andersen   5v sheet   
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
0.50€     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     
2005.05   10.10.2005   H C Andersen   Booklet, sa   2005.04
Mute Swan Cygnus olor Mute Swan Cygnus olor
0.50€     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     cl
0.50€     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     cr
2006.01   23.01.2006   Birds      
Corn Crake Crex crex Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
0.30€     46     Corn Crake    Crex crex     
0.46€     57     Pied Avocet    Recurvirostra avosetta     
2006.02   20.03.2006   Birds      
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
0.78€     64     Black-tailed Godwit    Limosa limosa     
2006.03   15.05.2006   Birds      
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
4.30€     21     Great Crested Grebe    Podiceps cristatus     
2006.04   06.06.2006   Birds      
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
0.23€     21     Black-necked Grebe    Podiceps nigricollis     
2007.01   29.01.2007   Birds      
Common Swift Apus apus Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
0.70€     85     Common Swift    Apus apus     
0.75€     38     Common Kestrel    Falco tinnunculus     
2007.02   26.02.2007   Birds      
Eurasian Teal Anas crecca Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus
0.05€     14     Eurasian Teal    Anas crecca     
0.10€     78     Boreal Owl    Aegolius funereus     
2007.03   26.03.2007   Birds      
Western Jackdaw Coloeus monedula
0.23€     162     Western Jackdaw    Coloeus monedula     
2007.04   09.07.2007   Birds      
Little Owl Athene noctua
0.06€     78     Little Owl    Athene noctua     
2007.05   11.11.2007   Birds      
Long-eared Owl Asio otus
0.40€     78     Long-eared Owl    Asio otus     
2008.01   21.01.2008   Birds      
Dunnock Prunella modularis Spotted Nutcracker Nucifraga caryocatactes Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
0.10€     223     Dunnock    Prunella modularis     
0.15€     162     Spotted Nutcracker    Nucifraga caryocatactes     
4.40€     38     Peregrine Falcon    Falco peregrinus     
2008.02   21.01.2008   Magritte   5v sheet   
Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
1     70     Eurasian Collared Dove    Streptopelia decaocto     
2009.01   02.01.2009   Birds      
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
4.60€     37     White-tailed Eagle    Haliaeetus albicilla     
2009.02   09.03.2009   Preserve the polar regions and glaciers   2v sheet   
Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri
1     16     Emperor Penguin    Aptenodytes forsteri     
2009.03   06.04.2009   Birds      
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
0.27€     64     Eurasian Woodcock    Scolopax rusticola     
2009.04   21.09.2009   Birds      
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius
0.01€     108     Black Woodpecker    Dryocopus martius     
2009.05   05.10.2009   Birds      
Tawny Owl Strix aluco
0.10€     78     Tawny Owl    Strix aluco     
2010.01   04.01.2010   Birds      
Western Barn Owl Tyto alba
4.60€     77     Western Barn Owl    Tyto alba     
2010.02   18.01.2010   Birds      
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
0.05€     21     Little Grebe    Tachybaptus ruficollis     
2010.03   15.04.2010   Buzin's birds   Sheet   

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Common Buzzard  Buteo buteo Eurasian Hobby  Falco subbuteo European Honey Buzzard  Pernis apivorus Red Kite  Milvus milvus Northern Goshawk  Accipiter gentilis
1     37     Common Buzzard    Buteo buteo     
1     38     Eurasian Hobby    Falco subbuteo     
1     37     European Honey Buzzard    Pernis apivorus     
1     37     Red Kite    Milvus milvus     
1     37     Northern Goshawk    Accipiter gentilis     
2010.04   12.05.2010   Birds      
Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
1     46     Eurasian Coot    Fulica atra     
2010.05   14.06.2010   Birds      
Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus
4.09€     11     Common Pheasant    Phasianus colchicus     
2011.01   03.01.2011   Birds      
Northern Pintail Anas acuta Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus
0.08€     14     Northern Pintail    Anas acuta     
*     36     Western Osprey    Pandion haliaetus     
2011.02   19.09.2011   Europa   2v sheet   
Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius
3     162     Eurasian Jay    Garrulus glandarius     
2012.01   11.02.2012   Birds      
*     78     Short-eared Owl    Asio flammeus     

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