It comprised the western regions of Berlin, which were bordered by East Berlin and parts of East Germany. West Berlin consisted of the American, British, and French occupation sectors, which had been established in 1945.
It was politically closely affiliated with West Germany, although it had a special status, because its administration was formally conducted by the Western Allies. East Berlin encompassed the region occupied and administered by the Soviet Union, and was claimed as capital by East Germany. The Western Allies did not recognise this claim, as they asserted that the entire city of Berlin was legally under four-power administration.
The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, physically divided East and West Berlin until it fell in 1989. With about two million inhabitants, West Berlin had the highest number of residents of any city in Cold War-era Germany.The Potsdam Agreement established the legal framework for the occupation of Germany in the wake of World War II. According to the agreement, Germany would be formally under the administration of the four major wartime Allies—the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union—until a German government acceptable to all parties would be established.
The Western Allies were guaranteed three air corridors to their sectors of Berlin, and the Soviets also informally allowed road and rail access between West Berlin and the western parts of Germany (see section on traffic). At first, this arrangement was officially only meant to be a temporary administrative structure, with all parties declaring that Germany and Berlin would soon be reunited. However, as the relations between the western allies and the Soviet Union soured and the Cold War began, the joint administration of Germany and Berlin broke down. Soon Soviet-occupied Berlin and western-occupied Berlin had separate city administrations.
In 1948, the Soviets tried to force the Western Allies out of Berlin by imposing a land blockade on the western sectors: the Berlin Blockade. The West responded by using its air corridors for supplying their part of the city with food and other goods in the Berlin Airlift. In May 1949, the Soviets lifted the blockade, and West Berlin as a separate city with its own jurisdiction was maintained. By the end of 1949, two new states had been created out of occupied Germany—the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in the West and the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in the East—with West Berlin an enclave surrounded by, but not part of, the GDR.
|1965.01||01.04.1965||Child welfare||Germany, West 1965.01|
|10p||64||Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola|
|15p||11||Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus|
|20p||11||Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix|
|40p||11||Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus|
|1969.01||04.06.1969||Berlin Zoo||4v sheet|
|20p||29||Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus|
|20p||37||Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis|
|30p||38||Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus|
|40p||37||Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus|
|70p||37||Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos|
|80p||24||White Stork Ciconia ciconia|