Bird stamps from Berlin, West.

West Berlin was a political exclave that existed between 1949 and 1990.

It comprised the western regions of Berlin, which were bordered by East Berlin and parts of East Germany. West Berlin consisted of the American, British, and French occupation sectors, which had been established in 1945.

It was politically closely affiliated with West Germany, although it had a special status, because its administration was formally conducted by the Western Allies. East Berlin encompassed the region occupied and administered by the Soviet Union, and was claimed as capital by East Germany. The Western Allies did not recognise this claim, as they asserted that the entire city of Berlin was legally under four-power administration.

The Berlin Wall, built in 1961, physically divided East and West Berlin until it fell in 1989. With about two million inhabitants, West Berlin had the highest number of residents of any city in Cold War-era Germany.The Potsdam Agreement established the legal framework for the occupation of Germany in the wake of World War II. According to the agreement, Germany would be formally under the administration of the four major wartime Allies—the United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Soviet Union—until a German government acceptable to all parties would be established.

The territory of Germany, as it existed in 1937, would be reduced by most of Eastern Germany thus creating the former eastern territories of Germany. The remaining territory would be divided into four zones, each administered by one of the allied countries. Berlin, which was surrounded by the Soviet zone of occupation—newly established in most of Middle Germany—would be similarly divided, with the Western Allies occupying an enclave consisting of the western parts of the city. According to the agreement, the occupation of Berlin would end only as a result of a quadripartite agreement.

The Western Allies were guaranteed three air corridors to their sectors of Berlin, and the Soviets also informally allowed road and rail access between West Berlin and the western parts of Germany (see section on traffic). At first, this arrangement was officially only meant to be a temporary administrative structure, with all parties declaring that Germany and Berlin would soon be reunited. However, as the relations between the western allies and the Soviet Union soured and the Cold War began, the joint administration of Germany and Berlin broke down. Soon Soviet-occupied Berlin and western-occupied Berlin had separate city administrations.

In 1948, the Soviets tried to force the Western Allies out of Berlin by imposing a land blockade on the western sectors: the Berlin Blockade. The West responded by using its air corridors for supplying their part of the city with food and other goods in the Berlin Airlift. In May 1949, the Soviets lifted the blockade, and West Berlin as a separate city with its own jurisdiction was maintained. By the end of 1949, two new states had been created out of occupied Germany—the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) in the West and the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in the East—with West Berlin an enclave surrounded by, but not part of, the GDR.

Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1965.01   01.04.1965   Child welfare      Germany, West 1965.01
Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola Common Pheasant Phasianus colchicus Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus
10p     64     Eurasian Woodcock    Scolopax rusticola     
15p     11     Common Pheasant    Phasianus colchicus     
20p     11     Black Grouse    Lyrurus tetrix     
40p     11     Western Capercaillie    Tetrao urogallus     
1969.01   04.06.1969   Berlin Zoo   4v sheet   
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus
20p     29     Dalmatian Pelican    Pelecanus crispus     
1973.01   06.02.1973   Youth welfare      
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
20p     37     Northern Goshawk    Accipiter gentilis     
30p     38     Peregrine Falcon    Falco peregrinus     
40p     37     Eurasian Sparrowhawk    Accipiter nisus     
70p     37     Golden Eagle    Aquila chrysaetos     
1984.01   19.06.1984   Alfred Brehm      
White Stork Ciconia ciconia
80p     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     

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