The inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria.
The creation of the new country was among the complex causes for the Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War. Land of the Rising Sun was chosen for Biafra's national anthem, and the state was formally recognised by Gabon, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Tanzania and Zambia. Other nations which did not give official recognition but which did provide support and assistance to Biafra included Israel, France, Portugal, Rhodesia, South Africa and the Vatican City.
Biafra also received aid from non-state actors, including Joint Church Aid, Holy Ghost Fathers of Ireland, Caritas International, MarkPress and U.S. Catholic Relief Services.
After two-and-a-half years of war, during which a million civilians had died in fighting and from famine, Biafran forces agreed to a ceasefire with the Nigerian Federal Military Government (FMG), and Biafra was reintegrated into Nigeria.
|1968.01||Overprint SOVEREIGN BIAFRA on Nigeria 1966.02-03|
|1½d||216||Splendid Sunbird Cinnyris coccinigastrus|
|6d||24||Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis|
|9d||73||Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus|
|1s3d||48||Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum|
|1968.02||Overprint SOVEREIGN BIAFRA on Nigeria 1966.01-02|
|2d||218||Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis|
|and||218||Village Weaver Ploceus cucullatus|
|1s||92||Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica|
|1£||26||Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis|
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