Although part of the country of the Netherlands, the special municipalities remain overseas territories of the European Union at least until 2015.
Bonaire (including the islet of Klein Bonaire) is located east of Aruba and Curaçao, close to the coast of Venezuela.
Sint Eustatius and Saba are located south of Sint Maarten and northwest of Saint Kitts and Nevis.
The three islands gained their current status following the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles on 10 October 2010, while at the same time the islands of Curaçao and Sint Maarten became autonomous countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
The BES islands have a collective population of 21,000 and a total area of 328 square kilometres (127 sq mi).
The islands do not form part of the European Union and instead constitute "overseas countries and territories" of the Union to which special provisions apply.
The Lisbon Treaty introduced a procedure where the European Council may change the status of an extra-European territory of Denmark, France or the Netherlands regarding the application of the EU treaties to that territory.
It is intended to review the position of the islands after a five year transitional period began with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles in October 2010.
|100c||73||Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus|
|150c||73||Brown-throated Parakeet Aratinga pertinax|
|200c||73||Yellow-crowned Amazon Amazona ochrocephala|
|250c||73||Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus|
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