It covered an area of 7,700 square kilometres (3,000 sq mi), almost entirely surrounded by what was then the Cape Province, and possessed a small coastline along the shore of the Indian Ocean.
Under South Africa's policy of apartheid, land was set aside for black peoples in self-governing territories.
Ciskei was designated as one of two homelands or "Bantustans" for Xhosa-speaking people. Ngqika (Rharhabe) Xhosa people were resettled
Ciskei had a succession of capitals during its existence.
However, it was Bisho (now spelled Bhisho) that became the capital until Ciskei's reintegration into South Africa.
The name Ciskei means "on this side of the Kei River", and is in contrast to the neighbouring Bantustan of Transkei.
Ciskei and all of the other homelands were reincorporated into South Africa on 27 April 1994, after the first post-apartheid elections.
Along with Transkei, Ciskei became part of the new Eastern Cape Province, with its capital becoming the capital of the new province.
Read also: Bird stamps from China (Taiwan).
If you liked this article, subscribe to the feed by clickingthe image below to keep informed about new contents of the blog: