Bird stamps from El Salvador.

El Salvador officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2015, the country had a population of approximately 6.38 million, consisting largely of Mestizos of European and Indigenous American descent.

El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. In 1821, the country achieved independence from Spain as part of the First Mexican Empire, only to further secede as part of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823. Upon the republic's dissolution in 1841, El Salvador became sovereign until forming a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.
elsalvador-coat-of-arms_903
From the late 19th to the mid-20th century, El Salvador endured chronic political and economic instability characterized by coups, revolts, and a succession of authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992), which was fought between the military-led government and a coalition of left-wing guerrilla groups. The conflict ended with a negotiated settlement that established a multiparty constitutional republic, which remains in place to this day.

El Salvador's economy was historically dominated by agriculture, beginning with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop during the colonial period, and followed thereafter by coffee, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90 percent of export earnings. El Salvador has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying the economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector. The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.

As of 2010, El Salvador ranks 12th among Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index and fourth in Central America (behind Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize) due in part to ongoing rapid industrialisation. However, the country continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, inequality, and crime.
Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1963.01
  22.06.1963
  Fauna
  14v set
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa Yellow-headed Amazon Amazona oratrix Spot-breasted Oriole Icterus pectoralis Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus Great Curassow Crax rubra White-throated Magpie-Jay Calocitta formosa Velasquez's Woodpecker Melanerpes santacruzi
5c
    34
    King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa
5c
    34
    King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa
    = 1, "AEREO"
6c
    108
    Yellow-headed Amazon    Amazona oratrix
10c
    235
    Spot-breasted Oriole    Icterus pectoralis
20c
    90
    Turquoise-browed Motmot    Eumomota superciliosa
30c
    235
    Great-tailed Grackle    Quiscalus mexicanus
40c
    11
    Great Curassow    Crax rubra
50c
    163
    White-throated Magpie-Jay    Calocitta formosa
80c
    104
    Velasquez's Woodpecker    Melanerpes santacruzi
1980.01
  10.09.1980
  Birds
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno Highland Guan Penelopina nigra Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus Fulvous Owl Strix fulvescens Slate-colored Solitaire Myadestes unicolor
10c
    84
    Resplendent Quetzal    Pharomachrus mocinno
20c
    11
    Highland Guan    Penelopina nigra
25c
    100
    Emerald Toucanet    Aulacorhynchus prasinus
50c
    74
    Fulvous Owl    Strix fulvescens
75c
    218
    Slate-colored Solitaire    Myadestes unicolor
1981.01
  20.03.1981
  Protected animals
  5v set
Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus
75c
    37
    Ornate Hawk-Eagle    Spizaetus ornatus
1984.01
  21.12.1984
  Birds
Spot-crowned Woodcreeper Lepidocolaptes affinis Slaty Finch Haplospiza rustica Maroon-chested Ground Dove Claravis mondetoura Tody Motmot Hylomanes momotula Belted Flycatcher Xenotriccus callizonus Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons
15c
    113
    Spot-crowned Woodcreeper    Lepidocolaptes affinis
25c
    238
    Slaty Finch    Haplospiza rustica
55c
    69
    Maroon-chested Ground Dove    Claravis mondetoura
70c
    90
    Tody Motmot    Hylomanes momotula
90c
    120
    Belted Flycatcher    Xenotriccus callizonus
1col
    233
    Red-faced Warbler    Cardellina rubrifrons
1989.01
  20.12.1989
  Birds
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa Northern Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Ferruginous Pygmy Owl Glaucidium brasilianum
70c
    34
    King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa
1col
    105
    Northern Crested Caracara    Caracara cheriway
2col
    37
    Sharp-shinned Hawk    Accipiter striatus
10col
    74
    Ferruginous Pygmy Owl    Glaucidium brasilianum
1990.01
  11.10.1990
  America
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
25c
    108
    Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao
and
    210
    Rufous-backed Wren    Campylorhynchus capistratus
70c
    108
    Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao
and
    90
    Turquoise-browed Motmot    Eumomota superciliosa
1991.01
  02.09.1991
  Birds
Blue-and-white Mockingbird Melanotis hypoleucus Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus Rufous-backed Wren Campylorhynchus capistratus Bushy-crested Jay Cyanocorax melanocyaneus Long-tailed Manakin Chiroxiphia linearis
20c
    215
    Blue-and-white Mockingbird    Melanotis hypoleucus
25c
    235
    Red-winged Blackbird    Agelaius phoeniceus
70c
    210
    Rufous-backed Wren    Campylorhynchus capistratus
1col
    163
    Bushy-crested Jay    Cyanocorax melanocyaneus
5col
    122
    Long-tailed Manakin    Chiroxiphia linearis
1991.02
  16.10.1991
  World food day
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
50c
    108
    Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao
1993.01
  28.09.1993
  Birds
Great Egret Ardea alba Wood Stork Mycteria americana Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
80c
    26
    Great Egret    Ardea alba
1col
    24
    Wood Stork    Mycteria americana
2.20col
    26
    Great Blue Heron    Ardea herodias
5col
    25
    Roseate Spoonbill    Platalea ajaja
1995.01
  30.08.1995
  World tourism organization
  4v set
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
5col
    108
    Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao
1995.02
  11.10.1995
  America
American Pygmy Kingfisher Chloroceryle aenea Green Kingfisher Chloroceryle americana
80c
    88
    American Pygmy Kingfisher    Chloroceryle aenea
2.20col
    88
    Green Kingfisher    Chloroceryle americana
1995.03
  24.11.1995
  Wildlife of Montecristo
  10v sheet
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Rivoli's Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens
80c
    74
    Great Horned Owl    Bubo virginianus
80c
    82
    Rivoli's Hummingbird    Eugenes fulgens
1996.01
  09.08.1996
  Migratory birds
  Strip
Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula American Kestrel Falco sparverius American Yellow Warbler Setophaga aestiva Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus
1.50col
    235
    Baltimore Oriole    Icterus galbula
1.50col
    105
    American Kestrel    Falco sparverius
1.50col
    233
    American Yellow Warbler    Setophaga aestiva
1.50col
    120
    Scissor-tailed Flycatcher    Tyrannus forficatus
1.50col
    240
    Rose-breasted Grosbeak    Pheucticus ludovicianus
1997.01
  28.08.1997
  International water day
Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
4col
    100
    Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus
1997.02
  28.08.1997
  Save the ozone layer
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
1.50col
    88
    Common Kingfisher    Alcedo atthis
1998.01
  07.09.1998
  Hummingbirds
  Sheet

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris Cinnamon Hummingbird Amazilia rutila Blue-throated Sapphire Hylocharis eliciae Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus Violet Sabrewing Campylopterus hemileucurus Amethyst-throated Mountaingem Lampornis amethystinus
1.50col
    82
    Ruby-throated Hummingbird    Archilochus colubris
1.50col
    82
    Cinnamon Hummingbird    Amazilia rutila
1.50col
    82
    Blue-throated Sapphire    Hylocharis eliciae
1.50col
    82
    Mexican Violetear    Colibri thalassinus
1.50col
    82
    Violet Sabrewing    Campylopterus hemileucurus
1.50col
    82
    Amethyst-throated Mountaingem    Lampornis amethystinus
1999.01
  22.04.1999
  Birds of the Jocotal lagoon
  Sheet

Click on thumbnail to launch image in popup
Common Gallinule  Gallinula galeata Purple Gallinule  Porphyrio martinica Spotted Rail  Pardirallus maculatus Blue-winged Teal  Anas discors Black-bellied Whistling Duck  Dendrocygna autumnalis American Coot  Fulica americana Northern Jacana  Jacana spinosa Sora  Porzana carolina Limpkin  Aramus guarauna Masked Duck  Nomonyx dominicus
1col
    45
    Common Gallinule    Gallinula galeata
1col
    45
    Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinica
1col
    45
    Spotted Rail    Pardirallus maculatus
1col
    9
    Blue-winged Teal    Anas discors
1col
    9
    Black-bellied Whistling Duck    Dendrocygna autumnalis
1col
    45
    American Coot    Fulica americana
1col
    60
    Northern Jacana    Jacana spinosa
1col
    45
    Sora    Porzana carolina
1col
    48
    Limpkin    Aramus guarauna
1col
    9
    Masked Duck    Nomonyx dominicus
1999.02
  22.04.1999
  Birds of the Jocotal lagoon
Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis
4col
    9
    Lesser Scaup    Aythya affinis
    MS
1999.03
  03.12.1999
  Woodpeckers
  Strip
Velasquez's Woodpecker Melanerpes santacruzi Golden-olive Woodpecker Colaptes rubiginosus Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus
1.50col
    104
    Velasquez's Woodpecker    Melanerpes santacruzi
1.50col
    104
    Golden-olive Woodpecker    Colaptes rubiginosus
1.50col
    104
    Yellow-bellied Sapsucker    Sphyrapicus varius
1.50col
    104
    Lineated Woodpecker    Dryocopus lineatus
1.50col
    104
    Acorn Woodpecker    Melanerpes formicivorus
2000.01
  28.04.2000
  El Imposible national park
  20v sheet

Great Curassow Crax rubra Lesson's Motmot Momotus lessonii Painted Bunting Passerina ciris White-eared Ground Sparrow Melozone leucotis Emerald Toucanet Aulacorhynchus prasinus
1col
    11
    Great Curassow    Crax rubra
1col
    90
    Lesson's Motmot    Momotus lessonii
1col
    240
    Painted Bunting    Passerina ciris
1col
    237
    White-eared Ground Sparrow    Melozone leucotis
1col
    100
    Emerald Toucanet    Aulacorhynchus prasinus
2001.01
  28.02.2001
  Pets
  4v set
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
2.50col
    109
    Budgerigar    Melopsittacus undulatus
2003.01
  18.07.2003
  40 years Grupo Roble
 Not identified
4col
Not identified
    MS
2006.01
  31.03.2006
  TACA 75 years
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus
5col
    108
    Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus
5col
    108
    Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus
2006.02
  31.05.2006
  Fauna and flora
  2x10v sheet

Collared Aracari Pteroglossus torquatus Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
1col
    100
    Collared Aracari    Pteroglossus torquatus
1col
    100
    Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus
2007.01
  17.12.2007
  Migratory birds
Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
0.10$
    172
    Cedar Waxwing    Bombycilla cedrorum
0.10$
    104
    Northern Flicker    Colaptes auratus
0.10$
    9
    Northern Shoveler    Anas clypeata
0.10$
    105
    Peregrine Falcon    Falco peregrinus
2007.02
  17.12.2007
  Migratory birds
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris
0.50$
    240
    Painted Bunting    Passerina ciris
    MS
2009.01
  22.07.2009
  National symbols
  8v sheet
Turquoise-browed Motmot Eumomota superciliosa
0.10$
    90
    Turquoise-browed Motmot    Eumomota superciliosa
2009.02
  04.09.2009
  Tourism
  8v set
Snowy Egret Egretta thula
0.05$
    26
    Snowy Egret    Egretta thula
and
    26
    Great Egret    Ardea alba
2016.01
  23.09.2016
  Friendship ties between El Salvador and China (Taiwan)
  2v set
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1 commenti:

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December 28, 2016 at 5:32 AM ×

Beautiful bird stamps from El Salvador. Happy Holidays

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