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Stamp stories: The Canadian Stamp Collection

| Monday, April 21, 2014

Is there anyone who hasn’t carefully torn off the corner of an envelope to save a particularly exotic stamp? Many of us collected stamps in childhood — some even developed a passion for philately, later building it into a career.

The charm of postage stamps lies largely in the fact that they are more than small, utilitarian objects: they transport us to the heart of the country that issued them, and share its stories. By the same token, the Canadian Museum of History’s impressive philatelic collection — which contains over 500,000 items — teaches us about various aspects of Canada’s history, while helping us get to know our fellow Canadians a little better.


The Stamps of China (1908) (Part V).

| Sunday, April 20, 2014

The stamps were printed in Japan from designs proposed by the Customs Statistical Department in Shanghai. The values were in cents and dollars, and the unsold remainders of provisional stamps were withdrawn and superseded by this new issue? The three highest values were printed in two colours.

The rarity of this issue, from the specialist’s point of view, is the 50 cents printed in error in the intense dark green of the 10 c., instead of in its own pale yellow green. The stamps were printed on paper watermarked as before with the yin-yang sign and perforated. For the shade hunter they are exceptionally interesting, for the ½ c., 4 c., and 10 c. yield very distinct shades. Some of the high values are getting very scarce.


The Stamps of China (1908) (Part IV).


Range of Catalogue Prices: unused.
Large stocks of this issue are still available and are likely to remain so for many years to come. There is, therefore, no need to set out any range of prices.

1894. Nine values. Designs: All different. The inscriptions remained the same, except that the word “Kingdom” was added to the inscription in the right-hand border, thus making the words “Great Pure Kingdom.” Mr. Mencarini tell us that these stamps were issued in honour of the Empress-Dowager’s sixtieth birthday. The first supplies, he says, were printed in Japan, and later supplies at Shanghai, but he can find no record which will enable us to distinguish the Japanese from the Chinese printings. Each value yields very distinct shades, which probably may some day afford the specialist a clue to the separation of the Japanese from the Chinese printings. The stamps were watermarked as before and perforated.


The Stamps of China (1908) (Part III).


“The rate of postage is different, according to whether letters go from seaport to seaport, into the inland, or to foreign countries. For foreign letters it shall be regulated by Art. 5 and 6 of the Universal Postal Union agreement. If a foreign letter is to be sent through an Imperial post office into the inland, to a place whiph is not included in the Universal Postal Union, the receiver has to pay the inland postage in addition. Likewise, for letters from an inland station to foreign countries, the sender has to prepay inland postage. The amount of this inland postage is to be determined and collected by the private post office establishments.

“For transmission from one treaty port to another the following scale shall apply :–
Post cards     1 c.
Letters up to 1/4 Chinese oz. (Tael)     2 c.
Letters up to 1/2 oz     4 c.
Letters up to 1 oz     8 c.
and upwards on the same scale.
Newspapers, Chinese     1 c.
European     2 c.
Samples and Printed Matter, per 2 oz     2 c.

chinese stamps

The Stamps of China (1908) (Part II).


Postmarked Copies
With the help of postmarked copies much may be accomplished in the direction of solving some of the problems referred to. We may for instance decide the question of the wide and narrow spacing–which came first.

With the view of including everything that will complete the history of the postal system and the postal issues of this most interesting country, I quote in extenso the following translation from der Ostasiatische Lloyd in the American Journal of Philately :-

“In view of the approaching establishment of an Imperial postal service in China on the European pattern, a birds-eye view of the existing postal service, as well as its past history, ought be of general interest. The service itself was always in the care of the Ministry of War. It was during the supremacy of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) that the transmission of passengers and mails acquired considerable importance, and began to be well handled.


The Stamps of China (1908) (Part I).


This excellent article was written by the noted philatelist Edward J. Nankivell and first published in The Postage Stamp, February 1908.

The Chinese Empire comprises what is termed China Proper, and the Dependencies of Manchuria, Mongolia, Eastern Turkestan, and Tibet.
China Proper has an area of 1,532,420 square miles, and a population of 407,253,029. The Dependencies have an area of 2,744,750 square miles, and a population of 18,710.000.

The Government is highly centralised, but there is a long-established popular government in local affairs. The central government is imperial, and the title of Emperor is hereditary in the reigning family, but there is no settled rule of descent. The Emperor has the right to nominate his successor.


Top 10 Posts for March 2014 from Stamps of the World.


1.- Philatelic Database Update January 2014 (Chapter I).

Philatelic Database Update January 2014 (Chapter I).

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