Bird stamps from Eritrea.

Eritrea officially the State of Eritrea,is a country in the Horn of Africa. With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast.

The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups in its population of around six million.

Most residents speak languages from the Afroasiatic family, either of the Ethiopian Semitic languages or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre people constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity or Islam.

The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, rose somewhere around the first or second centuries and adopted Christianity around the time Islam had spread through Egypt and the Levant. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri kingdom, with a smaller region being part of Hamasien.

The creation of modern-day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent, distinct kingdoms and sultanates (for example, Medri Bahri and the Sultanate of Aussa) eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea.

In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Subsequent annexation into Ethiopia led to the Eritrean War of Independence, ending with Eritrean independence following a referendum in April 1993.

Hostilities between Eritrea and Ethiopia persisted, leading to the Eritrean–Ethiopian War of 1998–2000 and further skirmishes with both Djibouti and Ethiopia.

Eritrea is a one-party state in which national legislative elections have been repeatedly postponed.

According to Human Rights Watch, the Eritrean government's human rights record is considered among the worst in the world. The Eritrean government has dismissed these allegations as politically motivated. The compulsory military service requires lengthy, indefinite conscription periods, which some Eritreans leave the country in order to avoid. Since all local media is state-owned, Eritrea was also ranked as having the least press freedom in the global Press Freedom Index.

Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations, and IGAD, and is an observer in the Arab League alongside Brazil, Venezuela, India and Turkey.
Read also: Bird Stamps from Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus) SG 327 (1996) 240
[9/19] Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus) SG 327 (1996) 240
[9/19]HM: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus) SG 327 (1996) 240
[9/19]Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 328 (1996) 
[9/19] Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 328 (1996) 
[9/19]HM: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 328 (1996) 
[9/19]Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 329 (1996) 
[9/19] Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 329 (1996) 
[9/19]HM: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 329 (1996) 
[9/19]Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 330 (1996) 
[9/19] Cl: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 330 (1996) 
[9/19]HM: White-eyed Gull (Larus leucophthalmus)(Endemic or near-endemic)  SG 330 (1996) 
[9/19]Cl: Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus) SG 405 (1998) 130 Cl: Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus) SG 405 (1998) 130HM: Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus) SG 405 (1998) 130Cl: Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) SG 406 (1998) 130 Cl: Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) SG 406 (1998) 130HM: Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) SG 406 (1998) 130Cl: Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) SG 407 (1998) 130 Cl: Abyssinian Ground-Hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) SG 407 (1998) 130HM: Abyssinian Ground Hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus) SG 407 (1998) 130Cl: Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii) SG 408 (1998) 130 Cl: Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii) SG 408 (1998) 130HM: Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Pterocles lichtensteinii) SG 408 (1998) 130Cl: Erckel's Francolin (Francolinus erckelii) SG 409 (1998) 130 Cl: Erckel's Francolin (Francolinus erckelii) SG 409 (1998) 130HM: Erckel's Francolin (Francolinus erckelii) SG 409 (1998) 130Cl: Arabian Bustard (Ardeotis arabs) SG 410 (1998) 130 Cl: Arabian Bustard (Ardeotis arabs) SG 410 (1998) 130HM: Arabian Bustard (Choriotis arabs) SG 410 (1998) 130Cl: Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark (Eremopterix leucotis) SG 411 (1998) 130Cl: Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark (Eremopterix leucotis) SG 411 (1998) 130HM: Chestnut-backed Finch Lark (Eremopterix leucotis) SG 411 (1998) 130Cl: Desert Lark (Ammomanes deserti) SG 412 (1998) 130 Cl: Desert Lark (Ammomanes deserti) SG 412 (1998) 130HM: Desert Lark (Ammomanes deserti) SG 412 (1998) 130Cl: Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Alaemon alaudipes) SG 413 (1998) 130 Cl: Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Alaemon alaudipes) SG 413 (1998) 130HM: Hoopoe Lark (Alaemon alaudipes) SG 413 (1998) 130Cl: Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) SG 414 (1998) 130 Cl: Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) SG 414 (1998) 130HM: African Darter (Anhinga rufa) SG 414 (1998) 130Cl: White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis) SG 415 (1998) 130 Cl: White-headed Vulture (Trigonoceps occipitalis) SG 415 (1998) 130HM: White-headed Vulture (Aegypius occipitalis) SG 415 (1998) 130Cl: Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) SG 416 (1998) 130 Cl: Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) SG 416 (1998) 130HM: Egyptian Vulture (Neophron percnopterus) SG 416 (1998) 130Cl: Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus) SG 417 (1998) 130 Cl: Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus) SG 417 (1998) 130HM: Hooded Vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus) SG 417 (1998) 130Cl: Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill (Tockus flavirostris) SG 417 (1998) 130HM: Yellow-billed Hornbill (Tockus flavirostris) SG 417 (1998) 130Cl: Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) SG 418 (1998) 130 Cl: Helmeted Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) SG 418 (1998) 130HM: Helmet Guineafowl (Numida meleagris) SG 418 (1998) 130Cl: Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius) SG 419 (1998) 130 Cl: Secretarybird (Sagittarius serpentarius) SG 419 (1998) 130HM: Secretary Bird (Sagittarius serpentarius) SG 419 (1998) 130Cl: Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) SG 420 (1998) 130 Cl: Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) SG 420 (1998) 130HM: Martial Eagle (Polemaetus bellicosus) SG 420 (1998) 130Cl: Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus) SG 421 (1998) 180 Cl: Bateleur (Terathopius ecaudatus) SG 421 (1998) 180HM: Bateleur (Terathopius ecuadatus) SG 421 (1998) 180Cl: Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea) SG 422 (1998) 130Cl: Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea) SG 422 (1998) 130HM: Red-billed Quelea (Quelea quelea) SG 422 (1998) 130Cl: Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) SG 423a (1998) 600 Cl: Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) SG 423a (1998) 600HM: Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) SG 423a (1998) 600Cl: Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops) SG 423b (1998) 600
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March 6, 2017 at 12:11 PM ×

The postage stamps of Eritrea birds are very beautiful. Thank you for the diffusion of the philately.

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March 6, 2017 at 12:15 PM ×

All wildlife postage stamps are very beautiful, especially birds. Thanks for your comment.

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