Bird stamps from Croatia.

Croatia officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska About this sound listen (help·info)), is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The country's population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism.

The Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century. They organised the state into two duchies by the 9th century. Tomislav became the first king by 925 AD, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of Kings Peter KreŇ°imir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir. Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was included in the short-lived State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs which seceded from Austria–Hungary and merged into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. A fascist Croatian puppet state existed during World War II. After the war, Croatia became a founding member and a federal constituent of Second Yugoslavia, a socialist state. In June 1991, Croatia declared independence, which came into effect on 8 October of the same year. The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration.

Croatia today has a very high Human Development Index. The International Monetary Fund classified Croatia as an emerging and developing economy, and the World Bank identified it as a high income economy. Croatia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization, CEFTA and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Croatia is an acceding state of the European Union, with full membership expected in July 2013. As an active participant in the UN peacekeeping forces, Croatia has contributed troops to the NATO-led mission in Afghanistan and took a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2008–2009 term.

The service sector dominates Croatia's economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism is a significant source of revenue during the summer, with Croatia ranked the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world. The state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatia's most important trading partner. Since 2000, the Croatian government has invested in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors. Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy in Croatia; the rest is imported. Croatia provides a universal health care system and free primary and secondary education, while supporting culture through numerous public institutions and through corporate investments in media and publishing.


    Bird stamps from Croatia (Serbian Krajina) 

Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1993.01   15.06.1993   Definitives      
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
10000d     26     Grey Heron    Ardea cinerea     

1993.02   01.11.1993   Overprint A on 1993.01      
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
10000d     26     Grey Heron    Ardea cinerea     

1995.01   30.08.1995   Protected animal species   2v set   
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo
0.80d     32     Great Cormorant    Phalacrocorax carbo     


Bird stamps from Croatia  
Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1992.01   30.07.1992   Environmental protection   2v set   
Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
40d     216     Blue Rock Thrush    Monticola solitarius     
1993.01   23.02.1993   Croatian fauna   2v set   
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
550d     37     White-tailed Eagle    Haliaeetus albicilla     
1999.01   12.03.1999   Europa   2v set   
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
5k     25     Eurasian Spoonbill    Platalea leucorodia     
2004.01   22.03.2004   WWF   Strip   
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Ardea purpurea Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
5k     26     Purple Heron    Ardea purpurea     Standing
5k     26     Purple Heron    Ardea purpurea     With young
5k     26     Purple Heron    Ardea purpurea     Flying
5k     26     Purple Heron    Ardea purpurea     Hidden
2006.01   23.05.2006   WWF   Strip   
Little Tern Sternula albifrons Little Tern Sternula albifrons Little Tern Sternula albifrons Little Tern Sternula albifrons
5k     66     Little Tern    Sternula albifrons     With eggs
5k     66     Little Tern    Sternula albifrons     Flying
5k     66     Little Tern    Sternula albifrons     Diving
5k     66     Little Tern    Sternula albifrons     Standing
2011.01   15.03.2011   Croatian fauna   3v set   
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae
3.10k     38     Eleonora's Falcon    Falco eleonorae     
2011.02   15.03.2011   Croatian fauna   Booklet   2011.01
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae
3.10k     38     Eleonora's Falcon    Falco eleonorae     
 
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