Bird stamps from Colombia.

Colombia is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. It is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the northwest by Panama; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Colombia is the 26th largest country by area and the fourth largest in South America after Brazil, Argentina and Peru. With over 46 million people, Colombia is the 27th largest country in the world by population and has the second largest population of any Spanish-speaking country in the world, after Mexico.

Colombia is a middle power, and is the fourth largest economy in Latin America, and the third largest in South America.

The production of coffee, flowers, emeralds, coal, and oil form the primary sector of Colombia's economy. Colombia is an emerging market and it is also part of the group of emerging countries CIVETS.

The world's third biggest bank HSBC has created a perspective on the economic outlook in 2050 where Colombia is seen playing a decisive role in the global economy, especially in the Americas.

The territory of what is now Colombia was originally inhabited by indigenous peoples including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and Tairona. The Spanish arrived in 1499 and initiated a period of conquest and colonization ultimately creating the Viceroyalty of New Granada (comprising modern-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, north-western Brazil and Panama), with its capital at Bogotá.

Independence from Spain was won in 1819, but by 1830 "Gran Colombia" had collapsed with the secession of Venezuela and Ecuador. What is now Colombia and Panama emerged as the Republic of New Granada. The new nation experimented with federalism as the Granadine Confederation (1858), and then the United States of Colombia (1863), before the Republic of Colombia was finally declared in 1886.

Panama seceded in 1903. Colombia was the first constitutional government in South America, and an important promoter of the Pan American organizations, initially through the Congress of Panama and later as founder of the Organization of American States. The Liberal and Conservative parties, founded in 1848 and 1849, are two of the oldest surviving political parties in the Americas.

Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1876.01   07.05.1876   Definitives      
5c     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1935.01   26.01.1935   Barranquilla Olimpiada/Olympics   16v set   
10p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1966.01   16.06.1966   History of maritime mail   5v set   
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
50c     23     Red-billed Tropicbird    Phaethon aethereus     

1974.01   14.11.1974   UPU, Colombian birds      
Green-backed Trogon Trogon viridis Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruvianus Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
1p     88     Green-backed Trogon    Trogon viridis     
1.30p     104     Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus     
2p     120     Andean Cock-of-the-rock    Rupicola peruvianus     
2.50p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     

1975.01   12.03.1975   Colombian art   4v set   
Golden Pheasant Chrysolophus pictus Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna
2p     11     Golden Pheasant    Chrysolophus pictus     
3p     73     Blue-and-yellow Macaw    Ara ararauna     

1977.01   06.09.1977   Colombian birds and plants      
Crimson-mantled Woodpecker Colaptes rivolii Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus Pompadour Cotinga Xipholena punicea Northern Royal Flycatcher Onychorhynchus mexicanus Wattled Jacana Jacana jacana Plum-throated Cotinga Cotinga maynana
5p     108     Crimson-mantled Woodpecker    Colaptes rivolii     
5p     46     Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinicus     
10p     120     Pompadour Cotinga    Xipholena punicea     
10p     122     Northern Royal Flycatcher    Onychorhynchus mexicanus     
10p     61     Wattled Jacana    Jacana jacana     
20p     120     Plum-throated Cotinga    Cotinga maynana     

1977.02   01.12.1977   Surcharge on 1974.01      
2p     104     Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus     

1979.01   16.11.1979   Tourism   4v set   
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber
7p     25     Scarlet Ibis    Eudocimus ruber     
and     26     Tricolored Heron    Egretta tricolor     

1980.01   25.04.1980   The alphabet   30v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
4p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
4p     22     American Flamingo    Phoenicopterus ruber     
4p     29     Brown Pelican    Pelecanus occidentalis     
4p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     

1980.02   27.05.1980   Agriculture      
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna
12p     73     Blue-and-yellow Macaw    Ara ararauna     

1982.01   21.10.1982   Tourism, Rio Magdalena      
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
30p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     

1983.01   05.10.1983   Paintings      
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
20p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
30p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     = 20p

1985.01   12.04.1985   Birds      
Lineated Woodpecker Dryocopus lineatus
14p     108     Lineated Woodpecker    Dryocopus lineatus     

1985.02   06.08.1985   Birds      
Straight-billed Woodcreeper Dendroplex picus Coppery-bellied Puffleg Eriocnemis cupreoventris
20p     112     Straight-billed Woodcreeper    Dendroplex picus     
50p     86     Coppery-bellied Puffleg    Eriocnemis cupreoventris     

1985.03   29.08.1985   Birds      
Whooping Motmot Momotus subrufescens
55p     94     Whooping Motmot    Momotus subrufescens     

1986.01   06.11.1986   Definitives      
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
20p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1987.01   25.05.1987   Definitives      1986.01
25p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1987.02   08.06.1987   Fauna   4v set   
Red-fan Parrot Deroptyus accipitrinus American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
30p     73     Red-fan Parrot    Deroptyus accipitrinus     
30p     22     American Flamingo    Phoenicopterus ruber     

1987.03   02.09.1987   Aurelio Martinez Mutis      
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
90p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1988.01   06.12.1988   Fauna   3v set   
Blue-billed Curassow Crax alberti
45p     8     Blue-billed Curassow    Crax alberti     

1988.02   16.12.1988   Fauna   3v set   
Masked Trogon Trogon personatus
45p     88     Masked Trogon    Trogon personatus     

1989.01   29.06.1989   Philexfrance '89   7v sheet   
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber
110p     22     American Flamingo    Phoenicopterus ruber     
and     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
and     73     Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus     

1989.02   07.09.1989   Fauna   3v set   
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
45p     37     Harpy Eagle    Harpia harpyja     

1990.01   06.08.1990   Fauna   4v set   
Sunbittern Eurypyga helias
60p     43     Sunbittern    Eurypyga helias     

1990.02   12.10.1990   America      
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis Salvin's Curassow Mitu salvini
150p     29     Brown Pelican    Pelecanus occidentalis     
and     25     Roseate Spoonbill    Platalea ajaja     
170p     8     Salvin's Curassow    Mitu salvini     

1992.01   14.04.1992   Special services stamps   2v set   
Black-and-chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori
B     37     Black-and-chestnut Eagle    Spizaetus isidori     

1992.02   22.07.1992   America   2v set   
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
260p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     

1992.03   04.08.1992   Endangered animals   2v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
100p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

1992.04   05.10.1992   Columbus, paintings   5v set   
Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus
110p     37     Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle    Geranoaetus melanoleucus     

1993.01   05.08.1993   The Amazon   4v set   
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus
150p     73     Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus     

1993.02   19.10.1993   America   4v sheet   
Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruvianus
220p     46     Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinicus     
460p     120     Andean Cock-of-the-rock    Rupicola peruvianus     

1994.01   04.03.1994   Birds      
Yellow-eared Parrot Ognorhynchus icterotis Bogota Rail Rallus semiplumbeus Toucan Barbet Semnornis ramphastinus Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera
180p     73     Yellow-eared Parrot    Ognorhynchus icterotis     
240p     46     Bogota Rail    Rallus semiplumbeus     
270p     103     Toucan Barbet    Semnornis ramphastinus     
560p     14     Cinnamon Teal    Anas cyanoptera     

1996.01   12.08.1996   Myths and legends   4v set   
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
900p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     

1996.02   28.10.1996   Los Fundadores   2v sheet   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
4000p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     

2001.01   17.08.2001   Los Katios      
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus
2100p     73     Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus     
and     37     Ornate Hawk-Eagle    Spizaetus ornatus     
and     12     Northern Screamer    Chauna chavaria     
and     26     Black-crowned Night Heron    Nycticorax nycticorax     

2002.01   01.02.2002   Colombian nature richness   Sheet   

Click on thumbnail to launch image in popup
Magnificent Frigatebird  Fregata magnificens Andean Condor  Vultur gryphus Bogota Rail  Rallus semiplumbeus Jabiru  Jabiru mycteria Reddish Hermit  Phaethornis ruber Cream-colored Woodpecker  Celeus flavus Scarlet Ibis  Eudocimus ruber Great Egret  Ardea alba
2300p     30     Magnificent Frigatebird    Fregata magnificens     
and     230     American Yellow Warbler    Setophaga aestiva     
2300p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
and     37     Ornate Hawk-Eagle    Spizaetus ornatus     
2300p     73     Yellow-eared Parrot    Ognorhynchus icterotis     
and     14     Blue-winged Teal    Anas discors     
and     46     Bogota Rail    Rallus semiplumbeus     
2300p     24     Jabiru    Jabiru mycteria     
2300p     120     Andean Cock-of-the-rock    Rupicola peruvianus     
and     73     Orange-cheeked Parrot    Pyrilia barrabandi     
and     102     Orange-fronted Barbet    Capito squamatus     
and     37     Harpy Eagle    Harpia harpyja     
and     86     Reddish Hermit    Phaethornis ruber     
2300p     108     Cream-colored Woodpecker    Celeus flavus     
and     104     Channel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos vitellinus     
and     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     
2300p     25     Scarlet Ibis    Eudocimus ruber     
and     26     Black-crowned Night Heron    Nycticorax nycticorax     
2300p     26     Great Egret    Ardea alba     

2002.02   30.04.2002   Ruddy Ducks      
Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis
3900p     14     Ruddy Duck    Oxyura jamaicensis     

2003.01   13.06.2003   Loro Coroniazul      
Fuertes's Parrot Hapalopsittaca fuertesi
1000p     73     Fuertes's Parrot    Hapalopsittaca fuertesi     

2003.02   09.10.2003   Upaep   Strip with labels   
Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus Black-mandibled Toucan Ramphastos ambiguus
1600p     37     Broad-winged Hawk    Buteo platypterus     
and     86     Bronzy Hermit    Glaucis aeneus     
1600p     104     Black-mandibled Toucan    Ramphastos ambiguus     

2008.01   22.10.2008   Antioquia   12v sheet   
Chestnut-capped Piha Lipaugus weberi
1500p     120     Chestnut-capped Piha    Lipaugus weberi     

2009.01   24.07.2009   Guajira   12v sheet   
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Vermilion Cardinal Cardinalis phoeniceus
1700p     22     American Flamingo    Phoenicopterus ruber     
1700p     237     Vermilion Cardinal    Cardinalis phoeniceus     

2010.01   06.04.2010   Endangered birds   Sheet   

Click on thumbnail to launch image in popup
Blue-billed Curassow  Crax alberti Yellow-eared Parrot  Ognorhynchus icterotis Fuertes's Parrot  Hapalopsittaca fuertesi Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird  Amazilia castaneiventris Bogota Rail  Rallus semiplumbeus Black Inca  Coeligena prunellei Giant Antpitta  Grallaria gigantea Gold-ringed Tanager  Bangsia aureocincta Red-bellied Grackle  Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster
1900p     8     Blue-billed Curassow    Crax alberti     
1900p     73     Yellow-eared Parrot    Ognorhynchus icterotis     
1900p     73     Fuertes's Parrot    Hapalopsittaca fuertesi     
1900p     86     Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird    Amazilia castaneiventris     
1900p     46     Bogota Rail    Rallus semiplumbeus     
1900p     86     Black Inca    Coeligena prunellei     
1900p     115     Giant Antpitta    Grallaria gigantea     
1900p     235     Gold-ringed Tanager    Bangsia aureocincta     
1900p     232     Red-bellied Grackle    Hypopyrrhus pyrohypogaster     

2010.02   01.05.2010   Expo 2010 Shanghai      
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao
5000p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     MS

2010.03   15.06.2010   Atlantico   12v sheet   
Pied Water Tyrant Fluvicola pica
2000p     119     Pied Water Tyrant    Fluvicola pica     

2010.04   24.07.2010   Guainia   12v sheet   
Great Egret Ardea alba
600p     26     Great Egret    Ardea alba     

2010.05   19.11.2010   Valle del Cauca   6v sheet   
Nazca Booby Sula granti Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias
4000p     31     Nazca Booby    Sula granti     
4000p     26     Great Blue Heron    Ardea herodias     

2011.01   Biodiversity      
Cloud-forest Pygmy Owl Glaucidium nubicola
6100p     78     Cloud-forest Pygmy Owl    Glaucidium nubicola     MS
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