Bird stamps from Biafra.

Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist state in south-eastern Nigeria that existed from 30 May 1967 to 15 January 1970, taking its name from the Bight of Biafra (the Atlantic bay to its south).

The inhabitants were mostly the Igbo people who led the secession due to economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria.

The creation of the new country was among the complex causes for the Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War. Land of the Rising Sun was chosen for Biafra's national anthem, and the state was formally recognised by Gabon, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Tanzania and Zambia. Other nations which did not give official recognition but which did provide support and assistance to Biafra included Israel, France, Portugal, Rhodesia, South Africa and the Vatican City.

Biafra also received aid from non-state actors, including Joint Church Aid, Holy Ghost Fathers of Ireland, Caritas International, MarkPress and U.S. Catholic Relief Services.

After two-and-a-half years of war, during which a million civilians had died in fighting and from famine, Biafran forces agreed to a ceasefire with the Nigerian Federal Military Government (FMG), and Biafra was reintegrated into Nigeria.

  Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1968.01   Overprint SOVEREIGN BIAFRA on Nigeria 1966.02-03      
Splendid Sunbird Cinnyris coccinigastrus Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum
1½d     216     Splendid Sunbird    Cinnyris coccinigastrus     
6d     24     Saddle-billed Stork    Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis     
9d     73     Grey Parrot    Psittacus erithacus     
1s3d     48     Grey Crowned Crane    Balearica regulorum     
1968.02   Overprint SOVEREIGN BIAFRA on Nigeria 1966.01-02      
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
2d     218     Red-headed Malimbe    Malimbus rubricollis     
and     218     Village Weaver    Ploceus cucullatus     
1s     92     Blue-breasted Kingfisher    Halcyon malimbica     
    26     Western Cattle Egret    Bubulcus ibis
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