Bird stamps from Bolivia.

Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west.

Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire – the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was called Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies. 

After declaring independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar, on 6 August 1825. Bolivia has struggled through periods of political instability, dictatorships and economic woes.

Bolivia is a democratic republic that is divided into nine departments. Its geography is varied from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country, with a Medium Human Development Index score, and a poverty level of 53%.

Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles, clothing, refined metals, and refined petroleum. Bolivia is very wealthy in minerals, especially tin. Bolivia has gained global attention for its 'Law of the Rights of Mother Earth', one of the unique laws in the world that accord nature, the same rights as humans.

The Bolivian population, estimated at 10 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The main language spoken is Spanish, although the Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages are also common and all three, as well as 34 other indigenous languages, are official. The large number of different cultures within Bolivia has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
 Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name
1925.01   Centenary of independence   8v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
25c     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1928.01   Definitives      
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
5c     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1939.01   21.01.1939   Definitives      
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco
40c     26     Cocoi Heron    Ardea cocoi     
45c     26     Cocoi Heron    Ardea cocoi     = 40c
90c     104     Toco Toucan    Ramphastos toco     
1b     104     Toco Toucan    Ramphastos toco     = 90c
2b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
3b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     = 2b
1941.01   21.08.1941   Air   p 13½   
50b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
100b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     = 50b
1963.01   22.04.1963   21st South American football championships      
1.40p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1980.01   28.04.1980   Copa mundial de futbol FIFA   Sheet, imp   1963.01
1.40p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1980.02   13.10.1980   FIFA   Sheet, imp   1963.01
1.40p     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1981.01   11.05.1981   Macaws      
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys Golden-collared Macaw Primolius auricollis Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus Military Macaw Ara militaris Chestnut-fronted Macaw Ara severus
4p     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     
7p     73     Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus     
8p     73     Blue-and-yellow Macaw    Ara ararauna     
9p     73     Red-fronted Macaw    Ara rubrogenys     
10p     73     Golden-collared Macaw    Primolius auricollis     
12p     73     Hyacinth Macaw    Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus     
15p     73     Military Macaw    Ara militaris     
20p     73     Chestnut-fronted Macaw    Ara severus     
1985.01   22.05.1985   Endangered animals   3v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
25000b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1987.01   24.07.1987   Endangered animals   6v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus Keel-billed Toucan Ramphastos sulfuratus
0.20b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     p 13¼x13½
0.60b     104     Keel-billed Toucan    Ramphastos sulfuratus     
1987.02   16.12.1987   Olympic games 1988 Calgary   2v sheet   1941.01
50b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     p 13¼
1989.01   07.12.1989   Apollo XI   2v sheet   1987.01
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
0.20b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1991.01   30.11.1991   Lilienthal      1987.01
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
0.20b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     p 13x13¾ MS
1992.01   06.07.1992   Avian history      1987.01
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
0.20b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     p 13½ MS
1992.02   18.11.1992   Ecology and conservation   7v set   
4b     86     Violet-tailed Sylph    Aglaiocercus coelestis     
1995.01   03.07.1995   Conservation   Sheet, imp   1992.02
Violet-tailed Sylph Aglaiocercus coelestis
4b     86     Violet-tailed Sylph    Aglaiocercus coelestis     
1995.02   21.11.1995   America   2v strip   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
5b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
1998.01   08.10.1998   Beni   6v set   
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
7b     34     King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa     
1998.02   12.11.1998   Espamer '98, stamp on stamp      1998.01
King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
2b     34     King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa     
2002.01   12.07.2002   Birds - La Paz      
Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata Orange-breasted Falcon Falco deiroleucus Black-bodied Woodpecker Dryocopus schulzi
0.50b     14     Orinoco Goose    Neochen jubata     
4b     38     Orange-breasted Falcon    Falco deiroleucus     
6b     108     Black-bodied Woodpecker    Dryocopus schulzi     
2004.01   30.12.2004   Upaep   2v set   
Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus
6b     73     Red-and-green Macaw    Ara chloropterus     
2005.01   28.06.2005   Birds      
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja Red-faced Guan Penelope dabbenei Blue-banded Toucanet Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis
1b     37     Harpy Eagle    Harpia harpyja     
1.50b     8     Red-faced Guan    Penelope dabbenei     
7b     104     Blue-banded Toucanet    Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis     
2005.02   27.09.2005   Tourism      
James's Flamingo Phoenicoparrus jamesi
6b     22     James's Flamingo    Phoenicoparrus jamesi     
2006.01   24.08.2006   Philately   6v sheet   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
1.50b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     Stamps on stamp
and     73     Scarlet Macaw    Ara macao     
2006.02   11.12.2006   Birds of Pando and Santa Cruz      
Green-billed Toucan Ramphastos dicolorus Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis Azure Jay Cyanocorax caeruleus Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
2.50b     104     Green-billed Toucan    Ramphastos dicolorus     
3.50b     8     Horned Curassow    Pauxi unicornis     
6b     162     Azure Jay    Cyanocorax caeruleus     
7b     37     Harpy Eagle    Harpia harpyja     
2007.01   20.07.2007   Birds of Santa Cruz      
Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus
5.50b     73     Blue-and-yellow Macaw    Ara ararauna     
7.50b     46     Purple Gallinule    Porphyrio martinicus     
2007.02   30.07.2007   Birds of La Paz      
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus Andean Cock-of-the-rock Rupicola peruvianus
4b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
5.50b     120     Andean Cock-of-the-rock    Rupicola peruvianus     
2007.03   21.08.2007   Birds of Cochabamba      
Great Egret Ardea alba Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus
4b     26     Great Egret    Ardea alba     
6.50b     78     Great Horned Owl    Bubo virginianus     
2007.04   22.08.2007   Birds of Beni      
Toco Toucan Ramphastos toco Hoatzin Opisthocomus hoazin
5.50b     104     Toco Toucan    Ramphastos toco     
7.50b     74     Hoatzin    Opisthocomus hoazin     
2007.05   23.08.2007   Birds of Pando      
Black-tailed Trogon Trogon melanurus Cocoi Heron Ardea cocoi
6.50b     88     Black-tailed Trogon    Trogon melanurus     
10.50b     26     Cocoi Heron    Ardea cocoi     
2007.06   24.08.2007   Birds of Potosi      
American Kestrel Falco sparverius Puna Tinamou Tinamotis pentlandii
6.50b     38     American Kestrel    Falco sparverius     
9b     1     Puna Tinamou    Tinamotis pentlandii     
2007.07   27.08.2007   Birds of Tarija      
Rufous-browed Peppershrike Cyclarhis gujanensis King Vulture Sarcoramphus papa
3.50b     157     Rufous-browed Peppershrike    Cyclarhis gujanensis     
8.50b     34     King Vulture    Sarcoramphus papa     
2007.08   27.08.2007   Birds of Chuquisaca      
Amazonian Motmot Momotus momota Glittering-bellied Emerald Chlorostilbon lucidus
8.50b     94     Amazonian Motmot    Momotus momota     
9b     86     Glittering-bellied Emerald    Chlorostilbon lucidus     
2007.09   28.08.2007   Birds of Oruro      
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja
6.50b     57     Black-necked Stilt    Himantopus mexicanus     
7.50b     25     Roseate Spoonbill    Platalea ajaja     
2010.01   02.12.2010   Upaep   2v set   
Andean Condor Vultur gryphus
2.50b     34     Andean Condor    Vultur gryphus     
2010.02   09.12.2010   Endangered species   4v set   
Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant Anairetes alpinus
3.50b     119     Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant    Anairetes alpinus   
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