Bird stamps from Bosnia Herzegovina (Sarajevo).

Bosnia and Herzegovina sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, or simply Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, on the Balkan Peninsula.

Its capital and largest city is Sarajevo. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for the 20 kilometres (12 miles) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea surrounding the town of Neum.

In the central and southern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, bookended by hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a region that traces permanent human settlement back to the Neolithic age. Culturally, politically and socially, the country has one of the richest histories in the region, having been first settled by the Slavic peoples that populate the area today from the 6th through to the 9th centuries AD.

They then established the first independent banate in the region, known as the Banate of Bosnia, in the early 12th century upon the arrival and convergence of peoples that would eventually come to call themselves Dobri Bošnjani ("Good Bosnians"). This evolved into the Kingdom of Bosnia in the 14th century, after which it was annexed into the Ottoman Empire, under whose rule it would remain from the mid 15th to the late 19th centuries.

The Ottomans brought Islam to the region, and altered much of the cultural and social outlook of the country. This was followed by annexation into the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which lasted up until World War I. Following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the country proclaimed independence in 1992, which was followed by a bloody war, lasting until late 1995.

Today, the country maintains high literacy, life expectancy and education levels and is one of the most frequently-visited countries in the region.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is regionally and internationally renowned for its natural beauty and cultural heritage inherited from six historical civilizations, its cuisine, winter sports, its eclectic and unique architecture and the Sarajevo Film Festival and Sarajevo Jazz Festival, both the largest and most prominent of their kind in Southeastern Europe.

The country is home to three ethnic groups or, officially, constituent peoples, a term unique for Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosniaks are the largest group of the three, with Serbs second and Croats third. Regardless of ethnicity, a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina is often identified in English as a Bosnian.

The terms Herzegovinian and Bosnian are maintained as a regional rather than ethnic distinction, and the region of Herzegovina has no precisely defined borders of its own. Moreover, the country was simply called "Bosnia" (without Herzegovina) until the Austro-Hungarian occupation at the end of the nineteenth century.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has a bicameral legislature and a three-member Presidency composed of a member of each major ethnic group. However, the central government's power is highly limited, as the country is largely decentralized and comprises two autonomous entities: the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska, with a third region, the Brčko District, governed under local government.

The country is a potential candidate for membership to the European Union and has been a candidate for NATO membership since April 2010, when it received a Membership Action Plan at the summit in Tallinn. Additionally, the country has been a member of the Council of Europe since April 2002 and a founding member of the Mediterranean Union upon its establishment in July 2008.

  Face value | Family number | English name | Scientific name 
1998.01   05.05.1998   WWF, White Stork   Strip   
White Stork Ciconia ciconia White Stork Ciconia ciconia White Stork Ciconia ciconia White Stork Ciconia ciconia
70f     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     
90f     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     
1.10m     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     
1.30m     24     White Stork    Ciconia ciconia     
2000.01   09.05.2000   Protected birds      
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
1m     37     Griffon Vulture    Gyps fulvus     
1.50m     25     Eurasian Spoonbill    Platalea leucorodia     
2001.01   22.03.2001   Birds and horses   4v set   
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus
0.90m     92     Common Kingfisher    Alcedo atthis     
1.10m     170     Bohemian Waxwing    Bombycilla garrulus     
2001.02   10.04.2001   Europa      
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
2m     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     MS
2005.01   20.04.2005   Fauna   2v set   
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca
2m     11     Rock Partridge    Alectoris graeca     
2006.01   30.06.2006   Wildlife   5v set   
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
2.50m     14     Mallard    Anas platyrhynchos     
2008.01   15.12.2008   Nature   6v set   
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Eurasian Eagle-Owl Bubo bubo
0.70m     37     Northern Goshawk    Accipiter gentilis     
5m     78     Eurasian Eagle-Owl    Bubo bubo     
2009.01   10.09.2009   Fauna      
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
0.70m     183     Barn Swallow    Hirundo rustica     
2010.01   12.04.2010   Fauna      
Mute Swan Cygnus olor
2m     14     Mute Swan    Cygnus olor     MS
2011.01   26.05.2011   Fauna      
2.50m     217     House Sparrow    Passer domesticus     MS
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